Invasive Species Plant summaries

The Nature Conservancy's invasive plant species summaries can be downloaded here, including "Element Stewardship Abstracts" (or ESAs), which are particularly large, researched, and inclusive management summaries. Consider documents written prior to 1990 to be out of date---newer information is probably available.



Search using Latin (scientific) names:

Notes:
  1. The first date after each taxon name above indicates when a Species Management Summary (i.e. "ESA", or "Element Stewardship Abstract") was last written for the organism.
  2. "NA" means no ESA is available.
  3. The second date indicates when we last added images or other documents relating to the organism.
  4. We use Kartesz (1994) as our primary nomenclatural standard for plants.

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Abrus precatorius; NA, 11/04
Abutilon theophrasti; NA, 02/02
Acacia mearnsii; NA, 04/04
Acacia melanoxylon; 1991, 09/98
Acer platanoides; NA, 06/02
Acer pseudoplatanus; NA, 02/02
Acosta diffusa; 1998, 01/99
Acroptilon repens; 1998, 05/04
Aegilops triuncialis; NA, 01/03
Aegopodium podagraria; NA, 02/02
Ageratina adenophora; NA, 07/05
Agropyron cristatum; NA, 12/03
Agropyron desertorum; NA, 12/03
Agrostis capillaris; NA, 02/02
Agrostis stolonifera; NA, 10/06
Agrostis tenuis; NA, 02/02
Ailanthus altissima; 1988, 09/05
Albizia julibrissin; NA, 11/04
Alhagi maurorum; NA, 09/05
Alliaria petiolata; 2000, 05/08
Alopecurus pratensis; NA, 12/99
Alternanthera philoxeroides; NA, 05/04
Amaranthus albus; NA, 05/04
Ammophila arenaria; 1995, 01/07
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata; NA, 06/04
Anchusa officinalis; NA, 07/05
Andropogon gayanum; NA, 04/01
Andropogon virginicus; NA, 06/04
Anisantha tectorum; 1999, 05/04
Anredera cordifolia; NA, 06/04
Anthemis cotula; NA, 06/04
Anthoxanthum odoratum; 1988, 06/04
Anthriscus caucalis; NA, 07/04
Aptenia cordifolia; NA, 06/04
Aralia elata; NA, 10/04
Arctium lappa; NA, 06/04
Arctium minus; NA, 06/04
Arctotheca calendula; NA, 04/04
Ardisia elliptica; NA, 06/04
Artemisia absinthium; 1987, 09/98
Artemisia vulgaris; NA, 01/03
Arundo donax; 1986, 07/05
Asparagus asparagoides; NA, 12/02
Asphodelus fistulosus; NA, 12/02
Atriplex semibaccata; NA, 06/04
Avena fatua; NA, 06/04
Azadirachta indica; NA, 04/04
Barbarea vulgaris; NA, 06/04
Bassia hyssopifolia; 1986, 09/98
Berberis thunbergii; NA, 05/08
Berberis vulgaris; NA, 05/08
Berteroa incana; NA, 07/04
Bothriochloa ischaemum; NA, 11/04
Bothriochloa sp; NA, 06/08
Brachiaria decumbens; NA, 04/04
Brachypodium sylvaticum; NA, 07/05
Brassica nigra; NA, 06/04
Brassica tournefortii; NA, 04/04
Brassica spp.; NA, 06/04
Briza maxima; NA, 11/04
Briza minor; NA, 11/04
Bromus catharticus; NA, 06/04
Bromus diandrus; NA, 06/04
Bromus hordeaceus; NA, 06/04
Bromus inermis; 1987, 12/98
Bromus japonicus; NA, 06/04
Bromus madritensis; 1992, 06/04
Bromus rubens; 1992, 06/04
Bromus tectorum; 1999, 05/04
Bromus spp.; NA, 06/04
Broussonetia papyrifera; NA, 06/04
Buddleja davidii; NA, 01/07
Bupleurum rotundifolium; NA, 12/99
Butomus umbellatus; NA, 11/04
Calluna vulgaris; NA, 01/07
Caragana arborescens; NA, 07/04
Cardaria chalepensis; 2000, 07/05
Cardaria draba; 2000, 07/05
Cardaria pubescens; 2000, 07/05
Cardaria spp.; 2000, 07/05
Carduus nutans; 1987, 07/04
Carduus pycnocephalus; 1988, 06/04
Carica papaya; NA, 06/04
Carpobrotus chilensis; NA, 01/07
Carpobrotus edulis; NA, 01/07
Casuarina equisetifolia; 1988, 04/04
Catalpa bignonioides; NA, 6/04
Catalpa spp.; NA, 6/04
Catharanthus roseus; NA, 6/06
Cayratia japonica; NA, 10/06
Cedrela chinensis; NA, 06/04
Celastrus orbiculatus; 1994, 06/04
Cenchrus ciliaris; 2002, 10/07
Centaurea biebersteinii; 1987, 03/06
Centaurea calcitrapa; NA, 08/01
Centaurea cyanus; NA, 07/04
Centaurea debeauxii; NA, 07/05
Centaurea diffusa; 1998, 01/02
Centaurea maculosa; 1987, 03/06
Centaurea melitensis; NA, 05/04
Centaurea pratensis; NA, 07/05
Centaurea repens; 1998, 05/04
Centaurea solstitialis; 2001, 03/02
Ceratonia siliqua; NA, 11/04
Chamelaucium uncinatum; NA, 04/04
Chasmanthe floribunda; NA, 04/04
Chenopodium album; NA, 04/04
Chondrilla juncea; NA, 11/04
Chrysophyllum oliviforme; NA, 11/04
Cichorium intybus; NA, 11/04
Cirsium arvense; 1997, 05/08
Cirsium vulgare; NA, 11/04
Clematis vitalba; NA, 04/01
Clerodendrum spp.; NA, 11/04
Clidemia hirta; 1991, 11/04
Coincya monensis; NA, 11/04
Colubrina asiatica; 1992, 11/04
Complaya trilobata; NA, 11/04
Conium maculatum; 1989, 11/04
Convolvulus arvensis; 1999, 11/04
Cornus spp.; 1987, 09/98
Coronilla varia; 2003, 11/04
Cortaderia jubata; 1988, 07/05
Cortaderia selloana; NA, 04/04
Cortaderia sp.; NA, 01/07
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora; NA, 06/02
Cryptocoryne beckettii; NA, 09/05
Cuscuta japonica; NA, 07/07
Cynanchum louiseae; NA, 06/05
Cynanchum rossicum; 2001, 06/05
Cynara cardunculus; NA, 01/07
Cynodon dactylon; 1992, 06/08
Cynoglossum officinale; NA, 07/05
Cynosurus echinatus; NA, 07/00
Cyperus entrerianus; NA, 11/04
Cytisus multiflorus; NA, 11/04
Cytisus scoparius; 1986, 01/07
Dactylis glomerata; NA, 11/04
Daucus carota; 1987, 11/04
Delairea odorata; NA, 07/05
Digitalis purpurea; NA, 11/04
Dioscorea batatas; 2002, 06/02
Dioscorea bulbifera; 1993, 11/04
Dioscorea oppositifolia; 2002, 06/02
Dioscorea species; NA, 11/04
Dipsacus fullonum ssp. sylvestris; NA, 07/06
Dipsacus species; NA, 07/06
Dissotis rotundifolia; NA, 11/04
Echium candicans; NA, 11/04
Echium plantagineum; NA, 11/04
Echium spp.; NA, 11/04
Egeria densa; NA, 11/04
Ehrharta calycina; 2005, 07/05
Ehrharta erecta; 2005, 07/05
Ehrharta longiflora; 2005, 07/05
Eichhornia crassipes; 2000, 2/06
Elaeagnus angustifolia; 2003, 11/04
Elaeagnus umbellata; 1987, 11/04
Elytrigia repens var. repens; 2002, 01/02
Eragrostis curvula; NA, 04/04
Eragrostis lehmanniana; NA, 11/04
Eragrostis plana; NA, 04/04
Erechtites minima; NA, 11/04
Erianthus ravennae; NA, 10/07
Erodium botrys; NA, 11/04
Erodium cicutarium; NA, 11/04
Erodium moschatum; NA, 11/04
Eucalyptus globulus; 1989, 04/04
Eucalyptus robusta; 1989, 04/04
Euonymus alatus; NA, 10/06
Euonymus fortunei; NA, 11/04
Euphorbia cyparissias; NA, 11/04
Euphorbia esula; 1987, 11/04
Euphorbia lathyris; NA, 8/06
Euphorbia terracina; NA, 12/02
Ferraria crispa; NA, 12/02
Festuca arundinacea; 2000, 11/04
Ficus carica; NA, 01/07
Foeniculum vulgare; 1988, 11/04
Frangula alnus; 1984, 03/06
Fraxinus uhdei; 1991, 11/043
Freesia spp.; NA, 04/04
Fumaria capreolata; NA, 12/02
Genista monspessulanus; 1986, 07/05
Geranium robertianum; NA, 12/04
Gleditsia triacanthos; NA, 12/04
Glottidium vesicarium; NA, 12/04
Glyceria declinata; NA, 8/06
Glyceria maxima; NA, 12/04
Gypsophila paniculata; NA, 03/06
Hedera canariensis; NA, 04/08
Hedera helix; NA, 12/04
Hedychium coronarium; 1991, 09/98
Hedychium gardnerianum; NA, 12/04
Helichrysum petiolare; NA, 05/08
Hemizonia pungens; 1995, 12/04
Hieracium aurantiacum; NA, 11/04
Hieracium pilosella; 1988, 01/03
Hiptage benghalensis; NA, 12/04
Hirschfeldia incana; NA, 12/04
Holcus lanatus; 1988, 07/05
Homeria flaccida; NA, 04/02
Hordeum jubatum; NA, 12/04
Hordeum murinum; 1990, 12/04
Hovenia dulcis; NA, 04/04
Humulus japonicus; NA, 12/04
Hydrilla verticillata; 2000, 12/04
Hyparrhenia hirta; NA, 12/02
Hypericum canariense; NA, 01/03
Hypericum perforatum; NA, 01/03
Hypochaeris spp.; NA, 01/03
Ibicella lutea; NA, 11/06
Impatiens walleriana; NA, 11/04
Imperata cylindrica; NA, 05/04
Imperata spp.; NA, 05/04
Iris pseudacorus; 2003, 07/04
Isatis tinctoria; NA, 03/02
Jasminum dichotomum; NA, 12/04
Jasminum fluminense; NA, 12/04
Juniperus bermudiana; NA, 01/03
Juniperus virginiana; 1983, 01/03
Kalanchoe pinnatum; NA, 12/04
Kochia scoparia; NA, 12/04
Lactuca serriola; NA, 12/04
Lantana camara; NA, 12/04
Lepidium latifolium; 2000, 11/04
Leptospermum laevigatum; NA, 04/04
Lespedeza bicolor; NA, 12/99
Lespedeza cuneata; 2002, 08/08
Leucaena leucocephala; NA, 04/04
Leycesteria formosa; NA, 01/07
Ligustrum spp.; 2000, 6/06
Linaria genistifolia; 1998, 11/04
Linaria vulgaris; 1998, 11/04
Lolium multiflorum; NA, 04/00
Lolium perenne; NA, 04/00
Lonicera japonica; 1997, 06/02
Lonicera maackii; 2000, 01/07
Lonicera morrowii; 2000, 01/07
Lonicera robustum; 2000, 01/07
Lonicera standishii; 2000, 01/07
Lonicera spp.; 2000, 01/07
Lotus corniculatus; NA, 04/02
Ludwigia spp.; NA, 11/04
Lupinus arboreus; NA, 05/08
Lupinus luteus; NA, 04/04
Lygodium japonicum; NA, 04/06
Lygodium microphyllum; NA, 11/04
Lysimachia nummularia; NA, 09/05
Lythrum salicaria; 1987, 06/04
Maclura pomifera; NA, 04/04
Marrubium vulgare; NA, 04/04
Melaleuca quinquenervia; NA, 02/03
Melia azedarach; 2000, 04/04
Melianthus major; NA, 12/02
Melilotus alba; 1987, 11/04
Melilotus officinalis; 1987, 11/04
Melinis minutiflora; NA, 07/05
Mentha pulegium; NA, 07/05
Merremia tuberosa; NA, 12/99
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum; NA, 05/03
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum; NA, 06/02
Miconia calvescens; NA, 06/02
Microstegium vimineum; 2001, 06/02
Mimosa pudica; NA, 04/01
Miscanthus sinensis; NA, 10/03
Morus alba; NA, 04/04
Myrica faya; NA, 06/02
Myriophyllum aquaticum; NA, 09/05
Myriophyllum spicatum; NA, 08/01
Neyraudia reynaudiana; 1995, 09/98
Nicotiana glauca; NA, 01/07
Olea europaea; NA, 06/02
Ononis alopecuroides; NA, 03/02
Onopordum acanthium; NA, 07/05
Opuntia spp.; NA, 01/07
Osteospermum clandestinum; NA, 01/03
Osteospermum ecklonis; NA, 06/02
Oxalis hirta; NA, 04/04
Oxalis pes-caprae; NA, 03/06
Paederia foetida; NA, 06/02
Parentucellia viscosa; NA, 06/08
Paspalum notatum; 2001, 10/03
Passiflora mollissima; NA, 01/07
Passiflora suberosa; NA, 02/06
Passiflora sp.; NA, 07/05
Passiflora tarminiana; NA, 01/07
Pastinaca sativa; 1987, 12/12
Paulownia tomentosa; NA, 02/06
Pennisetum ciliare; 2002, 10/07
Pennisetum clandestinum; NA, 08/01
Pennisetum purpureum; NA, 11/04
Pennisetum setaceum; NA, 06/04
Petrorhagia dubia; NA, 04/08
Phalaris aquatica; 1988, 07/00
Phalaris arundinacea; 2000, 07/05
Phalaris tuberosa; 1988, 07/00
Phellodendron amurense; NA, 01/09
Phleum pratense; NA, 06/02
Phragmites australis; 1993, 01/09
Phyla nodiflora; NA, 02/03
Physalis peruviana; NA, 06/02
Picris echioides; NA, 06/02
Pinus elliottii; NA, 04/04
Pinus patula; NA, 09/05
Pinus radiata; NA, 01/07
Pinus taeda; NA, 04/04
Pinus sp; NA, 01/07
Pistacia chinensis; NA, 06/02
Pittosporum undulatum; NA, 04/04
Poa bulbosa; NA, 07/05
Poa compressa; 1987, 02/06
Poa pratensis; 1987, 02/06
Polygonum cuspidatum; 1992, 03/08
Polygonum perfoliatum; NA, 08/05
Polygonum polystachyum; NA, 08/06
Polygonum sachalinense; NA, 03/08
Polygonum x bohemicum; NA, 03/04
Polypogon monspeliensis; NA, 01/07
Populus nigra var. italica; NA, 02/06
Populus tremuloides; 1984, 02/03
Potentilla recta; 2004, 05/04
Prosopis alpataco; NA, 04/04
Prosopis juliflora; NA, 04/04
Prosopis pallida; NA, 02/03
Psidium cattleianum; 1991, 02/03
Psidium guajava; NA, 02/03
Psoralea pinnata; NA, 01/03
Pueraria montana; NA, 02/06
Quercus acutissima; NA, 06/02
Ranunuculus ficaria; NA, 09/05
Raphanus sativus; NA, 06/02
Rhamnus cathartica; 1984, 03/06
Rhamnus frangula; 1984, 03/06
Rhodomyrtus tomentosa; NA, 06/02
Rhodotypos scandens; NA, 01/09
Rhus glabra; 1984, 02/03
Ricinus communis; NA, 07/05
Rivina humilis; NA, 06/02
Robinia pseudoacacia; 1984, 07/05
Romulea rosea; NA, 02/03
Rosa multiflora; 1987, 09/05
Rubus argutus; 1991, 02/06
Rubus armeniacus; 1989, 01/07
Rubus discolor; 1989, 01/076
Rubus fruticosus; NA, 01/07
Rubus phoenicolasius; NA, 05/04
Rubus rosifolius; NA, 02/06
Rumex crispus; NA, 06/02
Saccharum ravennae; NA, 10/07
Salix spp.; NA, 01/07
Salsola kali; NA, 02/06
Salsola sp.; NA, 02/06
Salvia aethiopis; NA, 02/06
Salvinia minima; NA, 02/06
Salvinia molesta; NA, 03/03
Sansevieria hyacinthoides; NA, 03/03
Sapium sebiferum; 2000, 04/06
Saponaria officinalis; NA, 02/06
Scaevola sericea; NA, 11/04
Schinus molle; NA, 02/03
Schinus polygamus; NA, 03/03
Schinus terebinthifolius; 1988, 02/03
Schismus sp.; NA, 05/08
Senecio jacobaea; 1989, 01/07
Senecio mikanoides; NA, 07/05
Sesbania exaltata; NA, 02/03
Sesbania punicea; NA, 01/02
Sesbania tripetii; NA, 01/02
Sesbania vesicaria; NA, 12/04
Silybum marianum; 1985, 12/06
Sinapis arvensis; NA, 02/06
Sisymbrium orientale; NA, 08/03
Solanum dulcamara; NA, 06/02
Solanum viarum; NA, 06/02
Sonchus arvensis; NA, 06/02
Sorghum halepense; 1990, 01/07
Sparaxis bulbifera; NA, 01/03
Spartina alterniflora; NA, 06/02
Spartium junceum; 1989, 11/04
Spathodea campanulata; NA, 04/04
Sphaerophysa salsula; NA, 07/05
Sphagneticola trilobata; NA, 11/04
Taeniatherum caput-medusae; 1988, 01/07
Tamarix aphylla; NA, 03/03
Tamarix chinensis; 1999, 03/03
Tamarix gallica; 1999, 03/03
Tamarix parviflora; 1999, 03/03
Tamarix pentandra; 1999, 03/03
Tamarix ramosissima; 1999, 03/03
Tetrastigma spp; NA, 03/03
Thespesia populnea; NA, 03/03
Tibouchina herbacea; NA, 02/03
Tibouchina urvilleana; NA, 06/02
Tithonia diversifolia; NA, 01/07
Toona ciliata; NA, 06/02
Toona sinensis; NA, 06/04
Tragopogon dubius; NA, 11/04
Tragopogon porrifolius; NA, 11/04
Tragopogon sp.; NA, 11/04
Trapa natans; NA, 05/04
Triadica sinensis; 2000, 04/06
Tribolium obliterum; NA, 03/03
Tribolium uniolae; NA, 04/04
Tribulus terrestris; NA, 02/03
Tritonia x crocosmiiflora; NA, 06/02
Tropaeolum majus; NA, 01/07
Typha angustifolia; 1995, 11/04
Typha latifolia; 1995, 11/04
Typha spp.; 1995, 11/04
Ulex europaeus; 1989, 01/07
Ulmus pumila; NA, 03/03
Urochloa decumbens; NA, 04/04
Utricularia inflata; NA, 03/03
Ventenata dubia; NA, 03/04
Verbascum blattaria; NA, 03/03
Verbascum thapsus; 1986, 09/05
Verbascum virgatum; NA, 06/08
Verbena bonariensis; NA, 02/03
Vinca major; 1988, 03/03
Vinca minor; 1988, 03/04
Vincetoxicum nigrum; NA, 06/05
Vincetoxicum rossicum; 2001, 06/05
Watsonia bulbillifera; NA, 04/04
Wedelia trilobata; NA, 11/04
Wisteria floribunda; NA, 12/02
Wisteria sinensis; NA, 06/05
Xanthium spinosum; 1989, 03/03
Xanthium strumarium; 1995, 03/03
Zantedeschia aethiopica; NA, 01/07




Search using common plant names:

Notes:
  1. See notes 1-4 above.
  2. There are no standards for common names, but the USDA PLANTS database is commonly followed.

Acacia, Blackwood; 1991, 09/98
Algaroba; NA, 04/04
Alligatorweed; NA, 05/04
Andropogon; NA, 04/01
Apple, Tropical Soda; NA, 06/02
Aralia; NA, 10/04
Ash, Tropical; 1991, 11/04
Aspen, Quaking; 1984, 02/03
Asphodel; NA, 12/02
Bamboo, Mexican; 1992, 01/07
Barberry, Common; NA, 05/08
Barberry, Japanese; NA, 05/08
Barley, Foxtail; NA, 12/04
Barley, Wild; 1990, 12/04
Bassia, Five-Hook; 1986, 09/98
Beachgrass, European; 1995, 01/07
Beard, Old-man's; NA, 04/01
Bean, Cigar; NA, 6/04
Bells, Cathedral; NA, 12/04
Bentgrass, Colonial; NA, 02/02
Bentgrass, Creeping; NA, 10/06
Bet, Bouncing; NA, 02/06
Bindweed, Field; 1999, 11/04
Bittersweet, Asiatic; 1994, 06/04
Bittersweet, Oriental; 1994, 06/04
Blackberry, Himalayan; 1989, 01/07
Blackberry, Prickly Florida; 1991, 02/06
Blackberry, Shrubby; NA, 01/07
Bladderwort, Swollen; NA, 03/03
Bluegrass, Bulbous; NA, 07/05
Bluegrass, Canada; 1987, 02/06
Bluegrass, Kentucky; 1987, 02/06
Bluestem, King Ranch; NA, 11/04
Bluestem, Yellow; NA, 11/04
Bluestem; NA, 06/08
Bob, Stinky; NA, 12/04
Bread, St. John's; NA, 11/04
Breath, Baby's; NA, 03/06
Brome, Awnless; 1987, 12/98
Brome, Downy; 1999, 05/04
Brome, Foxtail; 1992, 06/04
Brome, Japanese; NA, 06/04
Brome, Red; 1992, 06/04
Brome, Smooth; 1987, 12/98
Bromes; NA, 06/04
Broom, French; 1986, 07/05
Broom, Portugese; NA, 11/04
Broom, Scotch; 1986, 01/07
Broom, Spanish; 1989, 11/04
Broom, Weaver's; 1989, 11/04
Broomsedge; NA, 06/04
Browntop, Nepalese; 2001, 06/02
Buckthorn; 1984, 03/06
Buckthorn, Glossy; 1984, 03/06
Buffelgrass; 2002, 10/07
Bugloss, Common; NA, 07/05
Burdock I; NA, 06/04
Burdock II; NA, 06/04
Bush, Blue Butterfly; NA, 01/03
Bush, Burning; NA, 10/06
Bushkiller; NA, 10/06
Buttercup, Bermuda; NA, 03/06
Buttercup, Fig; NA, 09/05
Butterflybush, Orange-Eye; NA, 01/07
Butterweed, Tansy; 1989, 01/07
Butter-and-Eggs; 1998, 11/04
Cabbage, Isle of Man; NA, 11/04
Canarygrass, Reed; 2000, 07/05
Canary Island St. John's Wort; NA, 01/03
Capeweed, South African; NA, 04/04
Capim-Annoni; NA, 04/04
Capim-Braquiaria; NA, 04/04
Cardoon; NA, 01/07
Carpetgrass; NA, 02/03
Carob; NA, 11/04
Carrot, Wild; 1987, 11/04
Castorbean; NA, 07/05
Catsear; NA, 01/03
Cattail; 1987, 11/04
Cedar, Chinese; NA, 06/04
Cedar, Eastern; 1983, 01/03
Cedar, Red; 1983, 01/03
Chamomile, Mayweed; NA, 06/04
Cheatgrass; 1999, 05/04
Cheesewood, Australian; NA, 04/04
Cherry, Japanese; NA, 04/04
Chervil, Burr; NA, 07/04
Chestnut, Water; NA, 05/04
Chicory; NA, 11/04
Chinaberry; 2000, 04/04
Cinamomo; 2000, 04/04
Cinquefoil, Sulphur; 2004, 05/04
Claw, Devil's; NA, 11/06
Cocklebur, Rough; 1995, 03/03
Cocklebur, Spiny; 1989, 03/03
Coffeeweed; NA, 02/03
Cogongrass; NA, 05/04
Cordgrass, Smooth; NA, 06/02
Cornflag, African; NA, 04/04
Cornflower; NA, 07/04
Cottonthistle, Scotch; NA, 07/05
Creeper, Winter; NA, 11/04
Creeping-Oxeye, Bay Biscayne; NA, 11/04
Cress, Hoary; 2000, 07/05
Curse, Koster's; 1991, 11/04
Daisy, African; NA, 06/02
Daisybush, Blue and White; NA, 06/02
Deervetch, Birdfoot; NA, 04/02
Claw, Devil's; NA, 11/06
Dock, Curly; NA, 06/02
Dodder, Japanese; NA, 07/07
Dogtail, Hedgehog; NA, 07/00
Dogwoods, N. American Invasive; 1987, 09/98
Egeria; NA, 11/04
Ehrharta; 2005, 07/05
Elm, Siberian; NA, 03/03
Euonymus, Winged; NA, 10/06
False-brome, Slender; NA, 07/05
Fennel, Sweet; 1988, 11/04
Fern, African Asparagus; NA, 12/02
Fern, Japanese Climbing; NA, 04/06
Fern, Small-leaf Climbing; NA, 11/04
Fescue, Tall; 2000, 11/04
Fig, Edible; NA, 01/07
Filaree; NA, 11/04
Fireweed; NA, 11/04
Flag, Black; NA, 12/02
Flag, Yellow; 2003, 07/04
Flatsedge, Woodrush; NA, 11/04
Flower, Giant Honey; NA, 12/02
Flower, Harlequin; NA, 01/03
Fluweelblom; NA, 01/03
Fumitory, White Ramping; NA, 12/02
Fountaingrass; NA, 06/04
Foxglove; NA, 11/04
Foxtail, Common; NA, 12/99
Foxtail, Meadow; NA, 12/99
Freesia; NA, 04/04
Giesta; 1989, 11/04
Ginger, Kahili; NA, 12/04
Ginger, White; 1991, 09/98
Glandweed, Yellow; NA, 06/08
Goatgrass; NA, 01/03
Goatsbeard; NA, 11/04
Goatweed, Bishop's; NA, 02/02
Gorse; 1989, 01/07
Grass, Annual Veldt; 2005, 07/05
Grass, Annual Beard; NA, 01/07
Grass, Bahia; 2001, 10/03
Grass, Barnyard Orchard; NA, 11/04
Grass, Bermuda; 1992, 06/08
Grass, Cape; NA, 03/03
Grass, Chinese packing; 2001, 06/02
Grass, Cogon; NA, 05/04
Grass, Common Velvet; 1988, 07/05
Grass, Dallis; NA, 07/00
Grass, Elephant; NA, 11/04
Grass, Fairy; NA, 10/03
Grass, Guildford; NA, 02/03
Grass, Harding; 1988, 07/00
Grass, Japanese Stilt; 2001, 06/02
Grass, Johnson; 1990, 01/07
Grass, Lehmann's Love; NA, 11/04
Grass, Weeping Love; NA, 04/04
Grass, Mediterranean; NA, 05/08
Grass, Medusahead; 1988, 01/07
Grass, Molasses; NA, 07/05
Grass, Napier; NA, 11/04
Grass, Onion; NA, 02/03
Grass, Pampas I; NA, 04/04
Grass, Pampas II; NA, 01/07
Grass, Quaking; NA, 11/04
Grass, Rattlesnake; NA, 11/04
Grass, Sweet; NA, 8/06
Grass, Sweet Vernal; 1988, 06/04
Grass, Susuki; NA, 10/03
Grass, Thatching; NA, 12/02
Groundcherry, Peruvian; NA, 06/02
Guava; NA, 02/03
Guava, Strawberry; 1991, 02/03
Gum, Tasmanian Blue; 1989, 04/04
Hailstones; NA, 11/04
Hairgrass; NA, 03/04
Hairypink; NA, 04/08
Half-flower, Hawaiian; NA, 11/04
Hare's-ear; NA, 12/99
Hawkweed, Mouse-Ear; 1988, 01/03
Hawkweed, Orange; NA, 11/04
Heather; NA, 01/07
Heaven, Tree of; 1988, 09/05
Hedgemustard, Indian; NA, 08/03
Hemlock, Poison; 1989, 11/04
Hemp, Bowstring; NA, 03/03
Hiptage; NA, 12/04
Hogbite; NA, 11/04
Honeybush, Tall; NA, 12/02
Honeysuckle; 2000, 01/07
Honeysuckle, Bush; 2000, 01/07
Honeysuckle, Hall's; 1997, 06/02
Honeysuckle, Himalayan; NA, 01/07
Honeysuckle, Japanese; 1997, 06/02
Honeysuckle, Morrow's; 2000, 01/07
Hops, Japanese; NA, 12/04
Horehound; NA, 04/04
Hyacinth, Water; 2000, 2/06
Hydrilla; 2000, 12/04
Iceplant; NA, 01/07
Iceplant, Crystalline; NA, 05/03
Iceplant, Heartleaf; NA, 06/04
Iceplant, Slenderleaf; NA, 06/02
Impatiens; NA, 11/04
Indigoweed; NA, 02/03
Ivy, Algerian; NA, 04/08
Ivy, Cape; NA, 07/05
Ivy, English; NA, 12/04
Ivy, German; NA, 07/05
Jane, Salvation; NA, 11/04
Jasmine; NA, 12/04
Jasmine, Gold Coast; NA, 12/04
Jenny, Creeping; NA, 09/05
Jetbead; NA, 01/09
Jubatagrass; 1988, 07/05
Juniper, Bermuda; NA, 01/03
Kiawe; NA, 02/03
Kiawe, Thorny; NA, 04/04
Kikuyugrass; NA, 08/01
Klamathweed; NA, 01/03
Knapweed, Diffuse; 1998, 01/02
Knapweed, Meadow; NA, 07/05
Knapweed, Russian; 1998, 05/04
Knapweed, Spotted; 1987, 03/06
Knotweed, Bohemian; NA, 03/04
Knotweed, Giant; NA, 03/08
Knotweed, Himalayan; NA, 08/06
Knotweed, Japanese; 1992, 03/08
Koa, Haole; NA, 04/04
Kochia; NA, 12/04
Kruidjie-roer-my-nie; NA, 12/02
Kudzu; NA, 02/06
Lambsquarters; NA, 04/04
Lantana; NA, 12/04
Lespedeza, Bicolor; NA, 12/99
Lespedeza, Sericea; 2002, 08/08
Lettuce, Prickly; NA, 12/04
Lily, Calla; NA, 01/07
Locust, Black; 1984, 07/05
Locust, Honey; NA, 12/04
Loosestrife, Purple; 1987, 06/04
Lovegrass, Lehmann's; NA, 11/04
Lovegrass, Weeping; NA, 04/04
Lupine, Yellow; NA, 04/04
Lupine, Yellow Bush; NA, 05/08
Madeira, Pride of; NA, 11/04
Madwort, Hoary False; NA, 07/04
Mahoe, Seaside; NA, 03/03
Mahogany, Swamp; 1989, 04/04
Mamona; NA, 07/05
Mannagrass; NA, 8/06
Maple, Norway; NA, 06/02
Maple, Sycamore; NA, 02/02
Marigold, Tree; NA, 01/07
Medusahead; 1988, 01/07
Miconia; NA, 06/02
Mile-a-minute; NA, 08/05
Mimosa; NA, 11/04
Monbretia; NA, 06/02
Mugwort; NA, 01/03
Mulberry, Paper; NA, 06/04
Mulberry, White; NA, 04/04
Mullein, Common; 1986, 09/05
Mullein, Moth; NA, 03/03
Mullein, Twiggy; NA, 06/08
Mustard, Asian; NA, 04/04
Mustard, Black; NA, 06/04
Mustard, Charlock; NA, 02/06
Mustard, Garlic; 2000, 05/08
Mustard; NA, 06/04
Myrtle, Rose; NA, 06/02
Nasturtium; NA, 01/07
Naupaka, Beach; NA, 11/04
Neem; NA, 04/04
Nightshade, Climbing; NA, 06/02
Oak, Sawtooth; NA, 06/02
Oats, Wild; NA, 06/04
Olive; NA, 06/02
Olive, Autumn; 1987, 11/04
Olive, Russian; 2003, 11/04
Opuntia; NA, 01/07
Orange, Osage; NA, 04/04
Oxalis, Trailing; NA, 04/04
Oxtongue, Prickly; NA, 06/02
Oysterplant; NA, 11/04
Papaya; NA, 06/04
Parrot-feather; NA, 09/05
Parsnip, Wild; 1987, 12/02
Passionflower; NA, 07/05
Passionflower, Corkystem; NA, 02/06
Pear, Prickly; NA, 01/07
Peashrub, Siberian; NA, 07/04
Peaweed, Austrian; NA, 07/05
Pennyroyal; NA, 07/05
Peppertree, California; NA, 02/03
Peppertree, Brazilian; 1988, 02/03
Peppertree, Peruvian; NA, 03/03
Pepperweed, Perennial; 2000, 11/04
Periwinkle; 1988, 03/04
Periwinkle, Madagascar; NA, 6/06
Pigweed; NA, 05/042
Pine, Australian; 1988, 04/04
Pine, Dally; NA, 01/03
Pine, Loblolly; NA, 04/04
Pine, Mexican Weeping; NA, 09/05
Pine, Monterey; NA, 01/07
Pine, Slash; NA, 04/04
Pine; NA, 01/07
Pistache, Chinese; NA, 06/02
Plant, Licorice; NA, 05/08
Plant, Mole; NA, 8/06
Plant, Sensitive; NA, 04/01
Plant, Unicorn; NA, 11/06
Poka, Banana; NA, 01/07
Poplar, Lombardy; NA, 02/06
Porcelain-berry; NA, 06/04
Potato, Air; 1993, 11/04
Primrose, Water; NA, 11/04
Princesstree; NA, 02/06
Privet; 2000, 06/06
Puncturevine; NA, 02/03
Punktree; NA, 02/03
Quackgrass; 2002, 01/02
Radish; NA, 06/02
Ragwort, Tansy; 1989, 01/07
Raspberry, West Indian; NA, 02/06
Rattlebox #1; NA, 02/03
Rattlebox #2; NA, 12/04
Ravennagrass; NA, 10/07
Redcedar, Australian; NA, 06/02
Reed, Common; 1993, 01/09
Reed, Giant; 1986, 07/05
Reed, Silk; 1995, 09/98
Restharrow; NA, 03/02
Ribbongrass; 2000, 07/05
Roger, Stinking; NA, 01/03
Rosarypea; NA, 11/04
Rose, Multiflora; 1987, 09/05
Rose, Rambler; 1987, 09/05
Rougeplant; NA, 06/02
Rush, Flowering; NA, 11/04
Ryegrass; NA, 04/00
Sage, Absinthe; 1987, 09/98
Sage, Mediterranean; NA, 02/06
Salsify; NA, 11/04
Saltbush, Australian; NA, 06/04
Saltcedar; 1999, 03/03
Salvinia, Giant; NA, 03/03
Salvinia, Round-leaf; NA, 02/06
Sandcrocus, Rosy; NA, 02/03
Satinleaf; NA, 11/04
Scurfpea, African; NA, 01/03
Sedge, Deep-Rooted; NA, 11/04
Shoebutton; NA, 06/04
Silktree; NA, 11/04
Skeletonweed, Rush; NA, 11/04
Smother-Weed, Five-Horn; 1986, 09/98
Snakeroot, Sticky; NA, 07/05
Snakewood, Asian; 1992, 11/04
Snapdragon, Wild; 1998, 11/04
Soursop; NA, 03/06
Sowthistle, Field; NA, 06/02
Spanish-shawl; NA, 11/04
Sparaxis; NA, 01/03
Spikeweed, Common; 1995, 12/04
Spinnekopblom; NA, 12/02
Spurge, Caper; NA, 8/06
Spurge, Cypress; NA, 11/04
Spurge, Leafy; 1987, 11/04
Starmustard; NA, 11/04
Starthistle, Purple; NA, 08/01
Starthistle, Yellow; 2001, 03/02
Stinkvine; NA, 06/02
St. John's Wort; NA, 01/03
St. John's Wort, Canary Island; NA, 01/03
Storks bill, Longstem; NA, 11/04
Storks bill, Redstem; NA, 11/04
Sumac, Smooth; 1984, 02/03
Sunflower, Mexican; NA, 01/07
Swainsonpea; NA, 07/05
Swallow-wort, Pale; 2001, 06/05
Swallow-wort, Black; 2002, 06/05
Sweetclover, White; 1987, 11/04
Sweetclover, Yellow; 1987, 11/04
Sweetgrass, Reed; NA, 12/04
Tallowtree, Chinese; 2000, 04/06
Tamarind; NA, 04/04
Tamarisk; 1999, 03/03
Teasel, Fuller's; NA, 07/06
Tea-Tree, Victorian; NA, 04/04
Tetrastigma; NA, 03/03
Thistle, Blessed Milk; 1985, 12/06
Thistle, Bull; NA, 11/04
Thistle, Californian; 1997, 05/08
Thistle, Canada; 1997, 05/08
Thistle, Creeping; 1997, 05/08
Thistle, Italian; 1988, 06/04
Thistle, Musk; 1987, 07/04
Thistle, Russian; NA, 02/06
Tibouchina, Cane; NA, 02/03
Timothy; NA, 06/02
Toadflax, Broad-Leafed; 1998, 11/04
Toadflax, Common; 1998, 11/04
Toadflax, Dalmatian; 1998, 11/04
Toadflax, Yellow; 1998, 11/04
Tobacco, Tree; NA, 01/07
Tocolote; NA, 05/04
Tojo; 1989, 01/07
Tongue, Hound's; NA, 07/05
Tree, Amur Cork; NA, 01/09
Tree, Athel; NA, 03/03
Tree, Carob; NA, 11/04
Tree, Fire; NA, 06/02
Tree, Japanese Angelica; NA, 10/04
Tree, Locust Bean; NA, 11/04
Tree, Lead; NA, 04/04
Tree, Pea; NA, 07/04
Tree, Umbrella; 2000, 04/04
Tulip, One leaf cape; NA, 04/02
Tulipeiro-da-Africa; NA, 04/04
Tuliptree, African; NA, 04/04
Tubeflower; NA, 11/04
Turban, Turk's; NA, 11/04
Veldtgrass, Perennial; 2005, 07/05
Velvetleaf; NA, 02/02
Vervain, Purpletop; NA, 06/02
Vetch, Crown; 2003, 11/04
Vine, Cinnamon; 2002, 06/02
Vine, Dog-Strangling; 2002, 06/05
Vine, Madeira; NA, 06/04
Vine, Mignonette; NA, 06/04
Vine, Sorrel; NA, 10/06
Wahoo, Winged; NA, 10/06
Watermilfoil; NA, 09/05
Watermilfoil, Eurasian ; NA, 08/01
Watertrumpet; NA, 09/05
Watsonia, Bulbil; NA, 04/04
Wattle, Black; NA, 04/04
Wax, Geraldton; NA, 04/04
Weed, Crofton; NA, 07/05
Weed, Geraldton Carnation; NA, 12/02
Wheatgrass, Crested; NA, 12/03
Wheatgrass, Desert; NA, 12/03
Whitetop; 2000, 11/04
Willow spp.; NA, 01/07
Willow, Floating Primrose; NA, 11/04
Wineberry; NA, 05/04
Wiregrass; NA, 03/04
Wisteria, Chinese I; NA, 02/03
Wisteria, Chinese II; NA, 06/05
Wisteria, Japanese; NA, 12/02
Withe, Hoop; 1992, 11/04
Woad, Dyer's; NA, 03/02
Woodrose; NA, 12/99
Wormwood, Common I; 1987, 09/98
Wormwood, Common II; NA, 01/03
Yam, Bitter; 1993, 11/04
Yam, Chinese; 2002, 06/02
Yellowrocket, Garden; NA, 06/04


Updated January 2009
©The Nature Conservancy, 2005